Here are five must-use algorithms that you should be familiar with for your next software interview:
Bubble sort: This algorithm compares adjacent elements in an array and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. It repeats this process until the array is sorted.
Insertion sort: This algorithm iterates through the elements of an array and inserts each element into its correct position in the sorted array.
Merge sort: This algorithm divides the array into two halves, sorts each half, and then merges them into a single sorted array.
Tree traversal algorithms:
In-order: This algorithm visits the left subtree, the root node, and then the right subtree in that order.
Pre-order: This algorithm visits the root node, the left subtree, and then the right subtree in that order.
Post-order: This algorithm visits the left subtree, the right subtree, and then the root node in that order.
Knapsack problem: This problem involves filling a knapsack with items of different weights and values, subject to a weight limit, to maximize the total value.
Shortest path: This problem involves finding the shortest path between two nodes in a graph.
Sequence alignment: This problem involves aligning two sequences of characters, such as DNA or protein sequences, to maximize their similarity.
Divide and conquer:
Quicksort: This algorithm divides an array into two halves, sorts each half, and then merges them into a single sorted array.
Binary search: This algorithm searches for a target element in a sorted array by dividing the array into two halves and narrowing down the search based on the comparison with the middle element.
Karatsuba multiplication: This algorithm multiplies two large numbers by dividing them into smaller parts and using the divide and conquer approach to compute the product.
Depth-first search: This algorithm traverses a graph by exploring each branch as deeply as possible before backtracking and exploring other branches.
Breadth-first search: This algorithm traverses a graph by exploring each neighbor of a node before moving on to the next level of neighbors.
Overall, having a solid understanding of these five algorithms can help you tackle a variety of problems in your software interview. Practice implementing them and solving problems with them to improve your skills and increase your chances of success in your interview.
If you want to get some examples of any of these algorithms you can contact me by email at [email protected] or on Twitter.